At least 52 ships weighing 3،400 million tons of shipments crossed on Tuesday through both sides of Suez Canal, according to Egypt’s official news agency MENA.
The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway running north to south across the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt to connect the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal separates the African continent from Asia, and it provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
The Suez Canal is one of the most important waterways in the world because it is the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes, according to the Suez Canal Authority.
The canal is extensively used by modern ships, as it is the fastest crossing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.
Tolls paid by the vessels represent an important source of income for the Egyptian government.
Railway and a sweet water canal are run on the west bank parallel to the Suez Canal.
The Suez Canal is a sea level Canal and the height of water level differs slightly and the extreme tidal range is 65 cm in the north and 1.9 m in the south.
The banks of the Canal are protected against the wash and waves، generated by the transit of ships, by revetments of hard stones and steel sheet piles corresponding to the nature of soil in every area.
On both sides of the Canal, there are mooring bollards every 125 m for the mooring of vessel in case of emergency, and kilo-metric sign posts helping locate the position of ships in the waterway.
The navigable channel is bordered by light and reflecting buoys as navigational aids to night traffic.